Company Name __________________________ Job Name __________________________ Date________
REQUIREMENTS FOR SAFEGUARDS
Placing and keeping guards on exposed machinery is a major step in
preventing lacerations and amputations of body parts. It is also a requirement
of State or federal OSHA Safety and Health Standards. In general, these
standards explain guarding requirements in the following terms:
- Machines which have a
grinding, shearing, punching, pressing, squeezing, drawing, cutting, rolling,
mixing or similar action, including pinch points and shear points, whereas an
employee comes within the danger zone, shall be guarded at the point of
operation in a manner that provides protection for the employee.
- Keys, set screws, projections
or recesses which create a hazard not guarded by the frame of the machine or by
location shall be removed, made flush or guarded.
Some people consider such guards a nuisance. Others consider them as a
necessary evil. But how evil can they be if they help save precious fingers,
hands and arms from injury or serious mutilation? In general, guards should have
the following characteristics:
- They Should Prevent Contact:
The safeguard must prevent hands, arms, or any other part of a worker's body
from making contact with dangerous moving parts. A guard should not only prevent
accidental contact but should prevent workers from intentionally going around or
bypassing the guard.
- They Should Be Secure: If the
guard is easily removable, this means it will be ineffective. The guards should
be of durable material and most should be bolted or screwed on so that they
require tools for removal.
- They Should Create No New
Hazards: The guard itself should not create a new hazard. For example, sharp or
jagged edges could cause lacerations. The guards should be affixed in a manner
that eliminates sharp edges.
- They Should Create No
Interference: A good guard should allow the employee to work comfortably and
efficiently--since otherwise it may be removed.
- They Should Allow Safe
Maintenance: If possible, guards should be designed so as to allow minor
maintenance on the machines without either removing the safeguards or being
exposed to the hazard. If the guard must be removed or deactivated, then
lock-out procedures should be followed before any maintenance is performed.
Don't be another OSHA statistic--an employee who lost a finger, hand or an
arm. Remember to always maintain the guards on the machines and to replace them
if they must be removed for maintenance.
Have You Checked All The Guards On Your Machinery and Equipment Lately?
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